MAAP | Mapping the African American Past

The Castello Plan, New Amsterdam in 1660

In 1653, Africans built a wall along the northern edge of New Amsterdam to protect the Dutch community from the English. It stretched from the Hudson River clear across the island to the East River.

Source: © Collection of the New-York Historical Society/Bridgeman Art Library

Produced by CCNMTL, Chase, Teachers College, and CCI