loadFeaturedPlaces({"places": {"0": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/pierre_toussaint\/images\/274\/MAAP_PierreToussaint_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 686, "name": "pierre_toussaint", "title": "Pierre Toussaint", "then_text": "When Pierre Toussaint was brought to New York from Haiti, he was enslaved. And yet his accomplishments in New York were so remarkable that he may become the first Haitian saint.", "id": 13}, "1": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/abyssinian_baptist_church\/images\/274\/MAAP_Abyssinian_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 747, "name": "abyssinian_baptist_church", "title": "Abyssinian Baptist Church", "then_text": "Founded in 1808 and located on Worth Street, the Abyssinian Baptist Church first moved to 166 Waverly Place (pictured) and then farther north to West 40th Street in 1902. ", "id": 46}, "2": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/african_grove_theater\/images\/274\/MAAP_AfricanGrove_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 744, "name": "african_grove_theater", "title": "African Grove Theater", "then_text": "James Hewlett (1778–1836) played Richard III (pictured) and other starring roles at the African Grove Theater. The audience loved the shows but the neighbors didn’t.", "id": 23}, "3": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/duke_ellington\/images\/274\/MAAP_DukeEllington_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 818, "name": "duke_ellington", "title": "Duke Ellington", "then_text": "Duke Ellington was a composer, musician, and bandleader who changed the sound of American music and took its new sound around the world.", "id": 44}, "4": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/five_points\/images\/274\/MAAP_FivePoints_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 721, "name": "five_points", "title": "Five Points", "then_text": "In the 1830s, free blacks and Irish and German immigrants lived crowded together in Five Points. “The most dangerous place in the city” was also a safe haven for those escaping slavery.", "id": 20}, "5": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/fort_amsterdam\/images\/274\/MAAP_FtAmsterdam_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 728, "name": "fort_amsterdam", "title": "Fort Amsterdam", "then_text": "This picture shows Fort Amsterdam, and the Dutch Church built within it, behind a row of houses. On the shore you can see the company's weighing beam and a tall crane used to unload cargo.", "id": 31}, "6": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/harlem\/images\/274\/MAAP_Harlem_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 793, "name": "harlem", "title": "Harlem", "then_text": "Author Langston Hughes with (left to right) Charles S. Johnson, E. Franklin Frazier, Rudolph Fisher, and Hubert T. Delaney. All were part of the Harlem Renaissance. ", "id": 51}, "7": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/studio_museum\/images\/274\/MAAP_StudioMuseum_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 813, "name": "studio_museum", "title": "Studio Museum in Harlem", "then_text": "From its beginnings in a rented loft, the Studio Museum in Harlem has shown the work of black artists, including Faith Ringgold’s Street Story Quilt (pictured).", "id": 36}, "8": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/the_african_burial_ground\/images\/274\/MAAP_BurialGround_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 704, "name": "the_african_burial_ground", "title": "African Burial Ground", "then_text": "For most of the 1700s, and maybe earlier, Africans and their descendents kept their own burial ground north of the city and its wall. As in Africa, the coffins were laid facing east.", "id": 10}, "9": {"then_image_thumb_url": "http:\/\/maap.columbia.edu\/content\/places\/the_audubon_ballroom\/images\/274\/MAAP_AudubonBallroom_Then_274.jpg", "then_image_id": 771, "name": "the_audubon_ballroom", "title": "Audubon Ballroom", "then_text": "The Audubon Ballroom included a theater as well as meeting halls. Many labor, political, and religious groups met there, including Malcolm X’s Organization of Afro-American Unity.", "id": 24}}})